Wave Transmision on Interlocking Concrete Block Submerged Breakwater

I Ketut Dharma Setiawan

Abstract


When a large dimension of rock needed for an armored layer of breakwater, the scarcity of it became a major adversity, because of that many research subject of using concrete as a substitute for rock performed. One of the research are the usage of concrete block for submerged breakwater as a method for avoiding a very large concrete block, but still able to withstood wave forces. The key is in the interlocking of each concrete block so it could achieve the desired result with a lesser dimension concrete block. The research was performed in Laboratory of Coastal Experimental Station, Water Resource Research Center, using a 2D channel. The facility used were flume channel, regular wave generator machine, wave dumper, wave probe, and computer for processing data. The experiment indicate that the wave energy attenuation depends on the dimension of interlocking concrete block type submerged breakwater. The dimension represented in the form of relation of the distance of water level to structures crest and the crests width. The performance of the structure evaluated by observing its transmission coefficient. The largest transmission coefficient obtained is 0,97 and the smallest is 0,43.

Keywords


Physical Model; Submerged breakwater; Transmission coefficient

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32679/jth.v8i2.332

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