MODIFIKASI KOLAM OLAK TIPE AMBANG BERGIGI DALAM RANGKA REHABILITASI KERUSAKAN BENDUNG CIKEUSIK DI JAWA BARAT

James Zulfan, ST., MSc, Tsani Rakhmawati, Ririn Rimawan, I Putu Samskerta, Slamet Lestari

Abstract


The presence of hydraulic jumps downstream of the weir structure is a natural occurrence that indicates a change in supercritical to subcritical flow characteristics. Hydraulic jump is one indicator of the dissipation of energy in the stilling basin. Therefore, the absence of a hydraulic jump can be a problem for some weirs, as happened in the Cikeusik Weir, which experienced damage to the stilling pool floor so that the energy dissipation did not function optimally. This paper will discuss the potential causes of damage to the Cikeusik weir and alternative designs for its countermeasures. A physical model test was carried out in the laboratory with a scale of 1: 40 to obtain an appropriate alternative to the stilling pond design for the Cikeusik weir. The tests were carried out with variations in the discharge Q2 years, Q25 years, and Q100 years, respectively. Three model tests were conducted, namely the existing and two modified designs. Based on the model testing results, extending stilling basin floor length with a dentated end sill and adding downstream riprap is the most optimal alternative because it has an energy reduction effectiveness of up to 80% and the lowest downstream scour potential compared to other options. The results of this test are expected not only to be used as an alternative to mitigate the damage to the Cikeusik weir but also to other locations that have similar problems. 

Keywords : Cikeusik Weir, stilling basin, Froude number, local scour, physical model


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32679/jth.v13i1.690

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Copyright (c) 2022 James Zulfan, ST., MSc, Tsani Rakhmawati, Ririn Rimawan, I Putu Samskerta, Slamet Lestari

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Direktorat Bina Teknik Sumber Daya Air, Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya Air, Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat
 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.