Aplikasi Teknologi Bakteri Dalam Pekerjaan Restorasi Sungai Xuxi, Kota Wuxi, China

Doddi Yudianto, Xie Yuebo

Abstract


Considering previous successful applications of biological treatment in several restoration works in China,this study is aimed to describe the complete processes and results derived from the application of bacterialtechnology in restoring urban river. Here the Xuxi River in Wuxi City was selected as an example of casestudy.Basedontheresultsobtained, itisfoundthat this bacterial technologyisabletoprovidebroaderviewsof river restoration workfor urban area. Besides it results better water quality,the water is now clearer andcontains aquatic life. Although a considerable increase of concentration of total phosphorus, total nitrogen,and ammonium nitrogen may have enhanced to Algae problem during the treatment, but the final resultsshow good achievement. Detail laboratory tests and mathematical model development are necessary tooptimize the implementation.


Keywords


River restoration, biological treatment, bacterial technology, urban stream, Xuxi River

References


Abigail, R.J. 1997. The Contradictory Impact of

Reform on Environmental Protection in

China. China Quarterly 149: 81 ? 103.

Campolo, M., P. Andreussi, dan A. Soldati. 2002.

Water Quality Control in the River Arno.

Technical Note of Water Resources 36(10):

2680.

Chen, Z.M., B. Chen, and J.B. Zhou, et. al. 2008. A

Vertical Subsurface?flow Constructed

Wetland in Beijing. Communications in

Nonlinear Science and Numerical

Simulation 13(9): 1986?1997.

Cheng, H.S., M.K. Yusoff, B. Shutes, S.C. Ho, dan M.

Mansor. 2008. Nutrient Removal in A Pilot

and Full Scale Constructed Wetland,

Putrajaya City, Malaysia. Journal of

Environmental Management 88(2): 307?

Cox, B.A. 2003a. A Review of Currently Available Instream

Water Quality Models and Their

Applicability for Simulating Dissolved

Oxygen in Lowland Rivers. The Science of

the Total Environment 314 316(1): 335

Cox, B.A. 2003b. A Review of Dissolved Oxygen

Modelling Techniques for Lowland Rivers.

The Science of the Total Environment 314

(1): 303334.

Gupta, I., S. Dhage, A.A. Chandorkar, dan A.

Srivastav. 2004. Numerical Modeling for

Thane Creek. Environmental Modelling

and Software 19(6): 571579.

Green, M., I. Safray, dan M. Agami. 1996.

Constructed Wetlands for River

Reclamation: Experimental Design, Startup

and Preliminary Results. Bioresource

Technology 55(2): 157?162.

Jing, S.R., Y.F. Lin, D.Y. Lee, dan T.W. Wang. 2001.

Nutrient Removal from Polluted River

Water by Using Constructed Wetlands.

Bioresource Technology 76(2): 131?135.

Jirka, G.H. dan V. Weitbrecht. 2005. Mixing Models

for Water Quality Management in Rivers:

Continuous and Instantaneous Pollutant

Releases. Water Quality Hazards and

Dispersion of Pollutants. eds. Rowinski,

P.M. dan Czernuszenko, W., New York:

Springer, 1?34.

Juang, D.F., dan P.C. Chen. 2007. Treatment of

Polluted River Water by A New

Constructed Wetland. Int. J. Environ. Sci.

Tech. 4(4): 481?488.

Kannel, P.R., S. Lee, Y.S. Lee, S.R. Kanel, dan G.J.

Pelletier. 2007. Application of Automated

QUAL2Kw for Water Quality Modeling and

Management in the Bagmati River, Nepal.

Ecological Modelling 202(3?4): 503517.

Lawrence, A.W. dan P.L. McCarty. 1970. Unified

Basis for Biological Treatment Design and

Operation. Journal of the Sanitary

Engineering Division, ASCE 96(3): 767 ?

Liao, J., Y.B. Xie, X.C. Zong, dan G.J. Cao. 2008. Pilot

Study on Treatment of Complicated

Chemical Industrial Effluent with CABRM

Process. Pollution Control Technology

(1): 11?15.

Misra, A.K., P. Chandra, dan J.B. Shukla. 2006.

Mathematical Modeling and Analysis of

the Depletion of Dissolved Oxygen in

Water Bodies. Nonlinear Analysis: Real

World Applications 7(5): 980 996.

Nie, Q.Y., Y.B. Xie, J. Zhuang, dan L.L. She. 2008.

Cyanobacteria Control Using

Microorganism. World Sci?Tech Research

and Development 30(4): 430?432.

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya

Air (RIWRD). 2004. Status Mutu Air

Sungai. Bandung. Departemen Pekerjaan

Umum.

Qi, F., D.G. Cheng, dan M. Masao. 1999. Water

Resources in China: Problems and

Countermeasures. Ambio 28(2): 202 ? 203.

State Environmental Protection Administration

(SEPA). 2002. Report on the State of the

Environment in China 2002. Beijing.

Environmental Information Centre (SEPA).

Wang, M., M. Webber, B. Finlayson, dan J. Barnett.

Rural Industries and Water Pollution

in China. Journal of Environmental

Management 86: 648?659.

Wu, Q.H., R.D. Zhang, S. Huang, dan H.J. Zhang.

Effects of Bacteria on Nitrogen and

Phosphorus Release from River Sediment.

Journal of Environmental Sciences 20: 404?

Wiesmann, U., I.S. Choi, dan E.M. Dombrowski.

Fundamentals of Biological

Wastewater Treatment. Weinheim:

WILEY?VCH Verlag Gmbh & Co. KgaA.

Yudianto, D. dan Y.B., Xie. 2008. The Development of

Simple DO Sag Curve in Lowland Non?tidal

River Using MATLAB. Journal of Applied

Science in Environmental Sanitation 3(2):

?98.

Yudianto, D. dan Y.B. Xie. 2010a. The Feasibility of

Bacteria Application for Treating the

Polluted Urban Stream from the

Perspective of Numerical Modelling.

Polish Journal of Environmental Studies

(2): 421?429.

Yudianto, D. dan Y.B. Xie. 2010b. Influences of

Limited Ammonium Nitrogen and Water

Temperature on the Urban Stream

Restoration. Journal of Water Resources

and Protection 2(3): 227?234.

Yudianto, D. dan Y.B. Xie. The Natural Restoration of

Xuxi River Using Bacterial Technology.

diterima dalam Water Environment

Research untuk dipublikasikan pada tahun

Zhang, K. M., Z.G. Wen, and L.Y. Peng. 2007.

Environmental Policies in China:

Evolvement, Features and Evaluation,

China Population. Resources and

Environment 17(2): 1?7.

Zhang, T. Z., D.Q. Wang, G.Y. Wu, dan J.N. Wang.

Water Pollution Charges in China:

Practice and Prospects. In Applying

Market Based Instruments to

Environmental Policies in China and OECD

Countries. Paris. Organization for

Economic Cooperation and Development

(OECD), 239?257.

Zhou, J.B., M.M. Jiang, B. Chen, dan G.Q. Chen. 2007.

Energy Evaluations for Constructed

Wetland and Conventional Wastewater

Treatments. Communications in Nonlinear

Science and Numerical Simulation 14(4):

?1789.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32679/jth.v1i1.225

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 JURNAL TEKNIK HIDRAULIK

Indexed by:
   
     
 
 
 
Sekretariat:
 
Direktorat Bina Teknik Sumber Daya Air, Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya Air, Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat
 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.