Dampak Perubahan Iklim Terhadap Pola Hujan Dikhususkan Bagi Pertanian Di Pulau Sumatera Dan Kalimantan

Wanny K Adidarma, Lanny Martawati, Syofyan D. M.K, Levina Levina, Oky Subrata

Abstract


Identification of climate change impact to the rainfall pattern in Sumatera and Kalimantan becomesinteresting because of its climate variability and nonclimate prediction zone if compared with Java whichhas onlyone type of climatewith nonclimate predictionzone that canbe neglected.Thelimited availabilityof rainfall data causes the approach leads to analyze average rainfall duration in certain threshold.Thedetermination of rainfall duration boundary is based on the Oldeman climate classification for crop andsecond crop, i.e. 100200 mm.Analysis of the trend of average rainfall duration in various thresholds,indicates correlation between length and climate pattern.If compared to the equatorial pattern, themonsoon climate can be classified as robust toward climate change, although the wet season length is muchshorter. In equatorial areas,change of rainfall duration is clearly detected and generally showing a negativetrend oralongerdryseason.


Keywords



References


Abdurachman, A., A. Mulyani, N. Heryani, G. Irianto.

Analisis Perkembangan Sumberdaya

Lahan dan Air Mendukung Ketahanan

Pangan. Hotel Bidakara?Jakarta:

Widiakarya Nasional Pangan dan Gizi

(WNPG) VIII.

Abdurachman, A. 2005. Pembukaan Lahan Pertanian

Baru Mendukung Revitalisasi Pertanian.

Puslitbangtanak Bogor: Laporan Bulanan

Puslitbangtanak bulan Maret 2005.

Aldrian, Edvin and Dwi Susanto. 2003. Identification

of Three Dominant Rainfall Regions Within

Indonesia And Their Relationship To Sea

Surface Tem

BMG. 2007. Atlas Curah Hujan di Indonesia Rata?rata

?2000. Jakarta.

Gleick, P.H. 2000. Water: The potential

Consequences of Climate Variability and

Change for the Water Resources of the

United States. U.S. Geological Survey.

Haylock, Malcolm and Neville Nicholls. 2000. Trends

In Extreme Rainfall Indices For An Updated

High Quality Data Set For Australia, 1910

International Journal of Climatology.

: 1553?1541.

Khan, Asim Rauf. 2001. Analysis of Hydrometeorological

Time Series: Searching

evidence for climatic change in the Upper

Indus Basin. Lahore, Pakistan.

Nigel, A., L. Chunzhen and R. Compagnucci, et.al.

Climate Change 2001: Working

Group II : Impact, Adaptation and

Vulnerability. Chapter 4 : Hydrology and

water resources. IPCC.

Pamungkas, Putra. 2006. Pola Umum Curah Hujan di

Indonesia. http://klastik.wordpress.com

(accesed March 24, 2009).

Suryana, A., A. Adimihardja, A. Mulyani, Hikmatullah,

dan A. Siswanto. 2005. Prospek Dan Arah

Pengembangan Agribisnis: Tinjauan Aspek

Kesesuaian Lahan. Balitbang Pertanian,

Departemen Pertanian.

Soetamto. 2009. Perubahan Pola Musim dan Curah

Hujan di Indonesia, Forum Discussion

Group Identifikasi Dampak Perubahan Iklim

pada Sektor SDA. Balai Irigasi, Bekasi.

Tjasyono, Bayong. 1999. Klimatologi Umum.

Bandung: FMIPA?ITB.

Tjasyono, Bayong. 2004. Klimatologi. Bandung: ITB

Press. Cetakan Ke?2.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32679/jth.v1i1.228

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 JURNAL TEKNIK HIDRAULIK

Indexed by:
   
     
 
 
 
Sekretariat:
 
Direktorat Bina Teknik Sumber Daya Air, Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya Air, Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat
 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.